Interesting Facts About Trucks

A truck is a vehicle commonly used to transfer heavy goods from one place to another. The first truck was built in 1896 by Gottlieb Daimler. Can you imagine life without trucks? How would we move cargo from point A to B? Without trucks we would be lost. Here are some interesting facts about the trucks we see on our roads every day.

  • Certain trucks are also known as lorries. These are the ones that usually don’t have a canopy at the back. They are more versatile in terms of carrying cargo that may be too long (such as steel rods) to contain within a confined space.
  • They are generally used to transfer various items, often heavy or large goods.
  • Special truck trailers can be hooked on for additional cargo.
  • Most trucks run on diesel which is more fuel efficient than petrol.
  • In some countries, a special license other than a general driver’s license is required for a person to be able to drive a truck.
  • They come in various shapes and sizes which enable them to carry different types of cargo. There are tip trucks, semi-trucks, concrete trucks, fire trucks and refrigerated trucks.
  • Tip trucks are used to transport loose materials such as sand, gravel and dirt for construction. A typical dump truck is equipped with an open-box bed, which is hinged at the rear and equipped with hydraulic pistons to lift the front, allowing the material in the bed to be dumped on the ground at the delivery site.
  • Concrete trucks only carry already mixed concrete. The drum must be kept from standing still or else the cement will harden. At the top there is a loading chute through which the ingredients of the mix are funneled into the drum, and below that, a long chute which can be swiveled to change angle relative to the position of the drum.
  • Fire trucks are primarily designed for firefighting operations. In addition many fire departments employ their vehicles for many other uses such as emergency medical services and rescue purposes.
  • Certain large trucks, which are used to travel long distances, may have a sleeping area which is a place where the driver can sleep during stop overs.
  • Most trucks have a front axle and one or two rear axles.
  • In certain countries, as many as three trailers may be attached to a single tractor.
  • Because they are such large vehicles with multiple trailers attached sometimes, they may need two lanes to turn, so be careful when driving next to a truck.

Tips For Car Interior Care: Stain Removal And Conditioning

Caring for a car is a daunting task if you are not aware of the minute aspects of car care. You can use the tips below to go beyond the basics of cleaning. Interior temperatures can get quite high during the summers, and bacteria and other pathogens also find a safe and sound dwelling spot in car interiors that are not well cleaned, especially during the summer. Ordinary spills, a wet dog and other causes and circumstances can cause an un-hygienic inner car atmosphere. While the car repairs services also heed to the cleaning issues, you should be more attentive to the aspect as it directly affects your health.

Spills and Stains

Car interior cleaning in Bangalore should be comprehensive and should address all issues. Spills and stains that affect a car can be of two types, viz. organic and inorganic. Organic stains are the biological stains (for instance food and drinks) and are non-chemical in nature. Sweat is also an organic stain. Organic stains can be cleaned rather easily, and you can use the baby wipes as well for cleaning the vinyl seats for the food spills. If the car has leather seats, you must use the leather cleansers and the clean microfibers (it is better to have these in the car always for prompt cleaning). The leather cleansers can also be used to clean the vinyl seats. If you use any other cleaner on leather seats, there are chances that they can damage it.

Some of the dyes of clothes get transferred and accumulated on the seats of the car, because when you sweat, the cloth gets wet. Dye is a kind of organic stain. Other common inorganic stains that get inside a car include the shoe polish, ink of pens and motor oils among others. For the inorganic stains, only specific chemical cleaners can be used.

Cloth upholsteries are the places where bacteria and other harmful pathogens can dwell easily as it is more absorptive in nature and has more porous fibers. The enzyme-based cleaners can be used to clean the cloth upholstery. The commercial enzyme cleaner is just manufactured to kill and stop the growth of micro-organisms, and the enzymes stop the growth of bacteria in a fraction of the time. The enzymes react with the proteins of the bacteria and clear the organic stuff before it gets unhygienic.


Conditioning of the car is also quite important. The cars get a lot of heat during summer times, and the leather seats and other interior areas may get died out. The drying leads to fading of the interiors, and later cracks may also occur. Apart from bad looks, a faded and cracked interior also decreases the resale value of a car. If you ever would like to sell your car in future, the faded interiors will cause a lowering in its worth and value.

The expensive leather and the plastics can be well maintained during the summer, by the application of a conditioner. Use a clean microfiber cloth for applying the conditioner. The towel must not be over-saturated, and you only need to use a small amount of the conditioner at a time, on a single surface. Let the interiors sit for around 15 minutes after the application, so that the conditioner can well penetrate the car surface. Use only a conditioner that can gently moisturize the car surface. This is so because the greasy surfaces attract dust particles, which spoil your clothing.

Tips To Maintain Your Hydraulic System

Hydraulic systems might seem complicated, but they are not as bad as many people think. Regular maintenance practices can get you familiar with the components so that you are able to diagnose potential issues before they graduate into serious problems. Hydraulic system components work closely together and one damaged component can therefore lead to damages in others.

The systems usually have hoses, lines, motors, cylinders and pumps as well as filters and valves among others. The larger components like the pumps and cylinders and motors are interconnected by fittings, line and hoses. Learning simple maintenance practices can go a long way in keeping your system in top shape.

Preventative tips

Prevention of issues is the best approach with any system. Start by ensuring that contaminants are kept out of the system to keep failures and common problems at bay. In case you suspect contamination, then you can take other measures.

· Clean out the area on dip sticks and fill hydraulic filters and plugs before removing to check or change the fluid. Pour hydraulic fluid directly into your system and keep all fluid containers sealed tightly when storing.

· Consider changing the filter and fluid after first 50 hours of use to get rid of any contaminant particles. You can check your manual for manufacturer recommendations.

· Always check the oil before every use to verify good condition and to get adequate fluid levels. Milky or foamy oil could indicate a leak which can slow hydraulics operations. Seal the leak immediately.

· Check the hydraulic fluid temperature regularly during operation. Hot or smelly fluid could be an indication that the cooling system is not working as it should. Any debris or dirt should be removed from the oil cooler or the reservoir.

Pump tips

Inspect the pump for external damage and wear on a regular basis and have any issues taken care off as soon as possible. Apart from this you should remain keen on cavitation every 50 hours and here is how you can do this.

· Listen to your pump when operating hydraulic. Any sounds or rattles could mean cavitation is occurring and you need to shut the system down immediately.

· Check filter and fluid level for any restricted or limited flow. You should also check for any component alterations on the pump, inlet lines and reservoir that could affect the inlet flow of the pump.

· Check the inlet lines for any pinching, bends or leaks and other discontinuities that could interfere with the flow.

· Keep the filter and fluid clean to keep piston, vanes, valves and gear damages minimal.

Other helpful tips

· Inspect all fittings, couplers, lines and hoses for damages. Collapsed or crimped hoses could restrict flow and so will cracked, dented or cut lines.

· Ensure all hose fittings remains snug and tighten them where necessary without over-tightening that could result in damages.

· Let your couplings remain clean because they easily lead to contamination. Caps should remain in place when replacements are being done.

· Check the flex points of the hoses for any stretching and kinking. The hose routing should also be checked for any irregularities that could bring interference with how they function.

How you handle your hydraulic system can determine its effectiveness in operation. Sometimes it is better to get custom fittings to get better results with every operation you run and to keep problems at bay.

How To Recondition Rechargeable Batteries – Bring Your Car Battery Back From The Dead

Last time your car battery died you probably just replaced it with a new one. I bet it was expensive and happened at the most inconvenient time. However did you know many car batteries can be saved, and if you learn how to recondition rechargeable batteries, not only can you bring your car battery back from the dead, but you will be more aware of its condition, and it is less likely to let you down again.

Check the battery:

Most dead batteries can be reconditioned, however first you must check each cell, because if one is damaged it may not be possible, or worth your while to attempt to recondition it. If you check each cell individually it should read a voltage of approximately 2 volts. If any read zero or considerably below 2 volts the cell is faulty.

To complete this test you will need to make a probe. You can make this from a length of wire coat-hanger. Connect one terminal of your voltmeter to the battery terminal post, and the other to the probe. Then dip the probe tip into the electrolyte, to check each individual cell voltage.

Reduce sulfation:

One of the things that kills batteries is a build up of lead sulfide crystals on the plates. The first step is to remove this using a charger that has a circuit that provides a short high current pulse. This breaks down the crystals, and dissolves them back into sulfuric acid, leaving the lead plate clean again. Reducing this contamination will rejuvenate your battery, and improve its ability to store charge.

Check the electrolyte:

Visually check the level of fluid, top this up with deionized water until it is just covers the lead plates. You can also add a battery conditioner, these are available from car parts stores, but if you don’t have access to this a teaspoon full of Epsom salts will work well too.


Once you have completed these tasks you should then fully charge your battery using a good quality charger. Once fully charged re-test the voltage across each plate as before. Now your battery is reconditioned and should behave almost like new again.


Learning How to recondition rechargeable batteries will not only save you money, by enabling you to bring your car battery back from the dead, but can also be a great business. You can perform this task for others, and charge them for your services. Making these batteries last as long as possible helps the environment too, as the longer they are in use, the longer they stay out of landfill.

The Importance of Yearly Car Air Conditioning Repair

If you try to blast cool air in your automobile and all you get is uncool or even hot breezes, then there could be a technical malfunction. Before seeking out a car air conditioning repair service, it helps understand a bit about the inner workings of the cooling system.

The Components

The A/C system consists of four main components. First, the compressor does just what it sounds like; it compresses refrigerant gasses. Then an evaporator takes heat from the air and passes it through the refrigerant agent. Next, the heat boils off of and the water vapor, reducing the overall temperature and humidity levels in the vehicle. The condenser also plays a valuable role. Its prime function is to keep the refrigerant cool by converting the heat from the gasses in the compressor to highly pressurized liquid. The final component is called the orifice tube or expansion valve, depending on your vehicle. It converts the liquid refrigerant from the condenser into a lower pressure liquid for entry into the evaporator unit.

Potential Problems

The car air conditioner works through a complex interplay of the aforementioned components, and any number of things can wreak havoc with the system. There are several typical warning signs that indicate car air conditioning repair is needed. A weak airflow could be caused by broken hoses, worn down seals, mold or mildew, or a fried ventilation fan. On the other hand, cooling capabilities can be diminished by condenser or evaporator damage, a vacuum or chemical leak, or a blown fuse. If the A/C works for a short period of time and then produces warmth, there are four potential culprits: leaks, blown fuses, a faulty compressor clutch, or a clogged expansion valve. In some cases, there may be a bad odor coming from the vents. This is caused by either an old filter or mold in the evaporator case.

DIY Repairs vs. Professional Assistance

To save yourself time and possibly money, there are home kits for checking the basics, such as if there is an excess of coolant seeping out. These kits include a special dye that detects if coolant is leaking, and a gauge for properly testing pressure and the coolant flow. Most car A/C issues, however, are best left to the professionals. It is recommended that you schedule a car air conditioning repair once a year to keep the vehicle’s A/C in working order. Most issues, after all, are easily dealt with, as long as you take regular maintenance precautions.

With this knowledge, you can better diagnose and treat any A/C problems in your automobile.

Five Signs That It’s Time For A New Car Battery

Getting stranded in the middle of nowhere with a dead car battery is every motorist’s worst nightmare. The ordeal gets even worse when the power cannot be restored with jumper cables. A truly dead battery will almost certainly require roadside assistance and possible even a towing service. When all is said and done, the breakdown could end up costing you hundreds of dollars, as well as several hours of your day. Here are five signs that you may need to take preventative action soon.

1. Engine Is Slow To Crank

When you try to start the engine and it’s slow to turn over, the problem is almost certainly electrical. Although the culprit could very well be a poor connection in the starter or starting circuit, the issue often comes does to a charging system shortfall. There’s also a chance something could be draining the power when the vehicle is parked. Either way, you should schedule an inspection with your mechanic ASAP.

2. Check Engine Light Appears

There are dozens of reasons why the dreaded check engine light might illuminate on your dashboard. One fairly common culprit, especially in older vehicles, is inadequate electrical power. When a low charge puts the vehicle in danger of breaking down, the engine light will come on. Once again, the charge should be tested by a qualified mechanic to ensure adequate electrical output.

3. Damaged Case

When a battery’s casing looks bloated or swollen, it’s often a sign it has been exposed to excessive heat. These high engine temps have been known to greatly reduce the life of the unit. As such, drivers should check the case from time to time to make sure it’s in good shape.

4. Leaking or Low Fluid

When the unit leaks fluid, it can easily cause corrosion around the posts, which prevents the electrical system from making a strong connection. In other words, the gunk may prevent your vehicle from starting. It is also true that when the battery fluid falls below the lead plates that conduct electricity, the unit may not work. As such, the charge should always be tested when it looks like the fluid level has fallen too low.

5. Old Age

Contrary to popular belief, the average car battery won’t last for the life of your vehicle. In most cases, modern units are tested at around three years. After that point, they should be inspected on an annual basis. We should also mention that your driving habits could shorten or extend the period between replacements.

Because the unit will not have enough time to fully recharge, short trips (less than 20 minutes) have been shown to decrease lifespan. And, as we mentioned, extreme temperatures can also reduce the longevity considerably. This is true of both extreme heat and extreme cold. Drivers should also avoid things that may drain their batteries (leaving the lights, fan, and radio on), since constant recharging can negatively affect longevity.

If you notice any of the aforementioned signs, have your car battery tested as soon as possible.

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Knowing About Air Conditioner Installation

You have decided that you want to air condition your home, but are uncertain if it is a job you want to tackle or one that is best left to a professional. Make sure that you check the warranty that came with the air conditioner because if the air conditioner is self-installed the warranty may be invalid. In most jurisdictions, the only person who is allowed to install the refrigerant in the air conditioner is a licensed air conditioner professional, known as an AC contractor.

It is important to know that AC installation is not a job for a weekend handyman. Installing an air conditioner is a lot of work along with needing to have some acquired skills working with ductwork, carpentry, copper pipes, and plumbing. Before you even purchase your air conditioner you will need to know the total area of your home that is to be cooled where you are going to put both parts of your air conditioner, and what size unit you will need in order to cool the area that you want cooled. You should also find an online air conditioner capacity calculator to help you determine what is needed for a specific AC installation.

Some of the tools you will need include a vacuum pump, hose set, pipe cutter, and a refrigerant manifold gauge. You will also need a solid stable pad on which you will position the outside unit. This pad is made from concrete, wood that is weather-resistant or any other composite material that will be suitable for long-term use outdoors. It should also be placed away from the exterior wall so the vibration will not be transmitted back into your home and give you easy access for maintenance.

You will also need to select a central location for the air conditioning unit that comes inside. The best location will allow for air distribution throughout your home. It will also provide easy access to the external wall where the drainage pipe, electrical wiring, and copper pies to the unit outside are installed. You have to make sure that close attention is pay to where the drainage pipe is installed because it needs to drain where the water will not pool. If you have little or no experience bending and flaring cooper pipes you will have to learn how to do this before the pipe can be installed or cut.

As you can see, AC installation requires experience and many different tools that a homeowner handyman would not generally have in their toolbox or have experience with so you should hire an AC contractor install the AC.